SECTION 1 Questions 1-14
Read the text and answer Questions 1-7
Regulations for the Use of the Auditorium of Macao Museum of Art
1. To provide suitable management and use of the Auditorium the Macao Museum of Art (the Museum) has established regulations in this document.
2. Standard rental terms for the Auditorium of the Museum and its facilities are as follows:
2.1 The conference room can seat 108. Facilities include: sound system, lighting, air-conditioning, microphone/s, screen, videocassette recorder, projector, visualizer, DVD player, CD player and recorder. Such facilities are suitable for seminars, lectures and audio-visual activities.
2.2 One session is classed as four hours, and is charged at $3, 000. Less than four hours is deemed one session.
2.3 If application is made 90 days prior, a $1, 000 deposit will be charged; if less than 30 days, a $1, 500 deposits will be charged. The balance must be paid prior the day of use.
2.4 After the application is approved, the applicant cannot cancel the booking without just cause. If the applicant decides not to use the facilities, the fee cannot be refunded. The pre-paid deposit and/or rental are non refundable. However, if due to certain unavoidable circumstance, such as a natural disaster, and the applicant cannot use the facilities, it can write to the Museum and state the reason with a request for refund.
3. Applications from organisations, schools, private organisations (users) except the Museum must fit the following criteria:
3.1 Promote art and cultural activities
3.2 International art and cultural exchange activities
3.3 Academic and educational activities
3.4 Conferences and celebration activities organised by the Government
4. The time for the use of the Auditorium is from Tuesday to Sunday; 10:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
Read the text and answer Questions 8-14
Our Art Specialists
A 20th Century Design
With the advent of a young generation of designers in the decorative arts from the 1960's onwards, this trend to focus on visual communication and presentation in the decorative arts has led to some of the most striking results in furniture, ceramic and glass making. Our design specialist is an art historian and registered valuer. After working as a decorative arts specialist for Sotheby's for more than 10 years, he established himself as an independent consultant, valuer and broker within his field of expertise. Working for private collectors as well as museums, he has curated several exhibitions on design and is actively involved in scholarly research on this subject, resulting in various publications and lectures. Design has long been regarded as the 'future collecting field'. Our specialist says: the future is now!
B Toys and Dolls
Our expert worked for Sotheby’s, in Sussex for 25 years where she catalogued and valued dolls, teddy bears and other childhood memorabilia. Passionate about her field of expertise, she has seen the market change over the last 30 years, where dolls and toys have become increasingly collectible by the widest possible variety of audience ranging from 1900’s Steiff teddy bears to the more recent Star Wars memorabilia.
Our coins expert has had an interest in this subject since childhood and from 1990 to 2005 worked as auctioneer and cataloguer for two of London's main numismatic auctioneers (Glendining's and Baldwin's). With his main speciality in commemorative coins, he has a deep knowledge of his subject and market and will be able to advise you on the value of your coins.
D Arms, Armour & Militaria
We have two experts in this field. Our expert in Arms, Armour and Militaria was formerly Head of Sotheby's Worldwide Department of Arms, Armour and Militaria and assisted Sotheby's with sales in London, New York, Denmark, Zurich, Billingshurst and Hanover. The sale of works of art from the Royal House of Hanover included arms and armour which sold for £4,764,004 ($8,392,610) which continues to stand as a World Auction Record for an ancestral collection in this field. Now running his own business, he is an authority in the military collecting field. We also have a specialist in 20th century, mainly World War I and II, militaria which have become increasingly more collectable in recent years.
Our medal specialist commenced his career as a member of the Coin & Medal Department at Sotheby’s in 1980, cataloguing British & foreign orders, decorations & medals - a date that now makes him the longest-served auction specialist in this field. He was appointed an auctioneer in 1987, and later became head of a newly created department for medals & militaria. Reverting to a consultancy role in 1992, he moved to another well-known company in 1997 and thence to Dix Noonan Webb, in Mayfair, London, in 2002, an independent auction company that has achieved highest annual turnover in this field ever since 2000.
The jewellery auction market is a rather fluctuating one, and even though very strong sales can be achieved, it is one where deep knowledge is required to be able to tell what sells and doesn’t. Apart from the intrisic market value of the diamonds and gold, the design and saleability is dependent on fashion and trendiness. Our Jewellery expert has worked for over 15 years at Sotheby’s London and will be able to give you the best advice and valuation of your items.
SECTION 2 Questions 15-27
Read the text and answer Questions 15-21
How to Choose Art for Your Home
Having art in your home enhances the ambiance in a very special way. And the great thing is, given the sheer range in art styles and genres, even the most finicky buyers can find something or the other to their liking and budget. You don't have to spend hundreds of dollars, consult an art adviser, or restrict yourself to high-brow art. What you like is the main thing, it is after all your home and the art in it ought to be the sort that gives you joy. So follow your intuition and choose works that you find inspiring or those that evoke wonderful memories. Enjoy the process of finding, choosing and buying art for your home.
Lets take a look at some of the things you need to consider:
Have an idea about your style: Usually, your overall sense of style will influence your choice in art as well. For example, if you have a very modernistic slant in clothes, furniture and home decor, you might find abstract or modernistic paintings and sculptures interesting. Consider also the mood you'd like to create: peaceful, restful, soothing, inviting, vibrant, and so on.
Acquaint yourself with different art forms, genres and styles: It always helps to know what you’re getting into, what’s out there and how to differentiate between priceless, good, or plain chaff. Familiarity with art history as well as the current art scene is a plus. Refer to art books, art magazines and online art sources. Visit art galleries, museums and art shows. Talk to artists, art dealers and art curators. The more you know, the easier it will be for you to zero onto your choice.
Know where to buy and how to buy art: You can buy art directly from the artist, at art galleries, art shows, art dealer stores, art fairs, flea markets, roadside stalls, antique shops and auctions. Attend art auctions to know how they work. Selling and buying art online has made life easier for everyone, but do exercise caution.
Inquire about artwork provenance (provenance documents help establish authenticity and come handy if you decide to resell later) and artwork condition. Request detailed photos of front and back, and ask about payment and shipping procedures Research current art prices and do have a definite budget.
Decide if you want original art or reproductions: Original artworks are more expensive than reproductions. Reproductions prints or exact copies in actual materials (not made by the original artist) are great if you have a limited budget, or if the art you absolutely want is absolutely beyond your reach (like in a well-guarded museum).
Decide if you are going to buy art by artist, genre, theme or media: Bear in mind that most artists produce quite an uneven body of work. In short, every work won’t be a masterpiece. Buy on strength of the work not because the artist is happening. Similarly, when it comes to genre (Impressionism, Expressionism, Realism, etc.), theme (landscapes, seascapes, still-lifes, figural, etc.), or media (water-color, oil, acrylic, pastel, charcoal, etching, lithography, etc.), let it boil down down to personal choice, not the current trend; unless you intend to keep changing the art with the changing scenario.
Consider what suits your home and your lifestyle: If you have a rambunctious household filled with kids and pets, there might be safety issues with displaying glass figurines or sharp-edged bronze sculptures
Decide if you’re going to buy for personal pleasure or investment: Get the best original art you can afford, if buying for investment; only original art has serious resale value. For personal pleasure, both original art and reproductions can do. In either case, buy art you can live with. That way, even if the work doesn’t appreciate in the future, you’ll still have a winner.
Take your home design into account: Do you plan on displaying art throughout the house or in specific rooms? What kind of space do you have? Large or small? Choose art according to area size. Large canvases or sculptures stand out spectacularly in large areas and small artworks are more effective in small areas. Go for art that is appropriate to the purpose of the room - you don't have to hang still-life works of food in the kitchen, but you'd be surprised how well they work there!
Read the text and answer Questions 22 -27
Art is anything that people add to their 'output' which is not functionally necessary and is other than the default properties of that output. The word "art" has been derived from the Latin word 'ars', which, loosely translated, means "arrangement" or "to arrange". This is the only universal definition of art, that whatever it is was at some point arranged in some way. There are many other colloquial uses of the word, all with some relation to its etymological roots. This word comes from the Greek technic meaning art.
Art and science are usually treated diagonally opposite to each other. While science means some phenomenon resulting in truth, which is objective in nature. In other words, scientific findings can be repeated under the same set of circumstances anywhere in the world at any given point of time. The same cannot be said of art. Art, on the other hand is purely subjective in nature. Take for example, a painting - while one calls it a masterpiece, the same feelings cannot be expected from other individuals.
Art can roughly be divided into two, namely philosophical art and aesthetic art. The philosophical type of art involves human figures for some purposeful actions. In other words, philosophical art depicts human condition.
Aesthetic art, on the other hand, shows the perceived frame of mind. Two examples will help illustrate these two points of view - a Mona Lisa painting is philosophical art, while a demon being killed by a super human is aesthetic. These two categories are also called classical and modern art respectively.
There are other ways of classifying art - major among them being architecture, design, painting, music, drawing, literature, performing art, etc. While these have been (and still are) traditional forms of art performed by human kind, newer forms of art have emerged with the advent of technology. Some of the later era art forms are games, animation, movie, computer art, shooting, etc.
Two of the most researched areas of interest to artists, critiques and archaeologists has been the art movement (or art history) and art school. An art movement is a typical style or tendency in art with a specific common philosophy, followed by a group of artists during a restricted period of time (which ranges from a few months to years or decades). Art school is any educational institute offering education to its students on various forms of art.
The birth of art gave rise to another group of individuals - art critics. Art critics study and evaluate a piece of art. Their main purpose is to rationalize the evaluation of art, and ridding of any personal opinion affecting the work of art. Art criticism today deploys systematic and formal methods to evaluate the piece of art.
Museums are known to nurture and store work of arts across the world. Early era museums were patronized by the then kings and emperors. Today these are maintained by governments or private trusts with or without public money. Three major museum institutes are British Museum, Museum of Modern Art, New York and Galerie des Offices in France.
SECTION 3 Questions 28 - 40
Read the text and answer Questions 28 -40
Alexandria in Virginia, USA, and particularly its well-tended Old Town section, is the sort of upscale suburb that rings most major American cities. From the array of pubs, sushi-restaurant chains and pasta joints that line its streets, you would never guess that within 20 minutes you can find some of the best Korean, Vietnamese, Chinese, Pakistani or Bolivian food in America. Its 18th-century homes have been carefully maintained; now that the nasty, dirty business of living in them is done, they are at last free to house upscale boutiques selling ornate pepper-shakers, local wine, birthday cakes for dogs and other essentials. Yet this suburb was a city before cars existed, making it especially dense, walkable and charming. It has also turned an instrument of war into an instrument of art.
The day after the armistice that ended the first world war in 1918, the United States Navy began building the US Naval Torpedo station on the waterfront across the Potomac and just downriver from the Naval Research Laboratory in south-west Washington, DC. After a brief period of production, it stored munitions between the wars. When the second world war broke out, it built torpedoes for submarines and aircraft; when that war ended, the building was again used for storage. In 1969, the local Alexandria government bought the site, which had grown to comprise 11 buildings, from the federal government.
Five years later, after all the debris was removed and walls erected, the main building was refitted to house artists’ studios. A quarter-century, and several extensive renovations, later the artists are still there: over 160 of them sharing 82 studios, six galleries and two workshops. The Art League School and the Alexandria Archaeology Museum also share the space, bringing in thousands more aspirants and students. All of this makes the Torpedo Factory, as it is now called, a low-key, family-friendly and craft-centred alternative to the many worthy galleries across the river.
The building is three-storeys tall; on the first floor the studios and galleries are laid out along a single long hall. The arrangement grows more warrenlike, and the sense of discovery concomitantly more pleasant, as you ascend. Artists work in a variety of media, including painting, fibre, printmaking, ceramics, jewellery, stained glass and photography.
Don't anticipate anything game-changing or jaw-dropping here. Expect plenty of cats and cows in different media, as well as watercolours of beach houses, ersatz Abstract Expressionist paintings, stained glass made for the walls of large suburban houses, baubles and knick-knacks and thingummies galore. All of it is skilfully done; most of it is pleasant.
The photography is an exception: the Multiple Exposures Gallery is first-rate, displaying not merely beautiful pictures but inventive techniques as well. On a recent visit the gallery showcased landscapes, including an especially arresting wide-angle aerial shot of a field in Fujian after a storm. Crops glinted in the rising sun like rows of wet sapphires, the scalloped grey clouds echoing the terraced farming beneath.
The Torpedo Factory’s biggest draw, however, particularly for visitors with children, is not on what is sold but in the demystifying access visitors have to artists. While the galleries function traditionally, the artists work and sell out of the same studio; their raw materials and works in progress, the artistry behind the art, are all on display. Many of them are happy and eager to talk; one was soliciting the help of passers-by to complete a work, she wished to know how to say and write a certain phrase in Hebrew vernacular, a quest that might take time to complete in a yachty southern suburb. A metal sculptor sat on a stool patiently working a piece of metal back and forth in his hands. The centre of his studio was filled with a huge hollow sphere made from hundreds of cylinders of perhaps anodised aluminium. It seemed we were witnessing the first step in a thousand-mile march.